Lombok is an island in West Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Barat or NTB) province, Indonesia. It forms part of the chain of the Lesser Sunda Islands, with the Lombok Strait separating it from Bali to the west and the Alas Strait between it and Sumbawa to the east. It is roughly circular in shape, with a "tail" (Sekotong Peninsula) to the southwest, about 70 km across and a total area of about 4,725 km² (1,825 sq mi). The provincial capital and the largest city on the island is Mataram. It is fairly similar in size and density with its neighboring island; Bali and shares some cultural heritage, but is administratively part of NTB along with sparsely populated Sumbawa. It is surrounded by a number of smaller islands, locally called Gili.
The island is home to approximately 3.16 million Indonesians as recorded in the decennial 2010 census.
The most developed tourism area is on the west coast of the island and is concentrated on the village of Senggigi. Senggigi is a settlement which contains the most developed tourism facilities. On the west is a coastal strip, spreading along a 30 km wide area, following the coastal road north of Mataram, near the Ampenan airport. The main tourism area extends to Tanjung in the northwest, at the foot of Mount Rinjani and includes the Sire and Medana Peninsulas and the highly popular Gili Islands lying immediately offshore. These three small islands are most commonly accessed by boat from Bangsal near Pemenang, Teluk Nare a little to the south, or from further south at Senggigi and Mangsit beach. A large number of hotels and resorts offer accommodations ranging from budgeted to luxurious travelers. Recently speedboat services have been running from Bali making a direct route to the Gili islands. Although constantly changing in character, the Gili islands still provide both a lay-back backpacker's retreat and a high class resort destination.
Other tourist destinations include Mount Rinjani, Gili Bidara, Gili Lawang, Narmada Park and Mayura Park and Kuta (distinctly different from Kuta, Bali). Kuta is also famous for its beautiful, largely deserted, white sandy beaches. Sekotong, in southwest of Lombok, is popular for its numerous and diverse scuba diving locations. South Lombok’s surfing is considered some of the best in the world and includes Desert Point at Banko Banko in the southwest of the island. The northern west coast near Tanjung has many new luxury hotels and villas developments centered close to Sire and Medana peninsular near the Gili islands and a new boating marina at Medana bay. These new developments complement the already existing 5 star resorts and a large golf course already established there.
Lombok International Airport (Bandara Internasional Lombok) is constructed at south west of the small regional city of Praya in South central Lombok, to replace Selaparang Lombok Airport. It is started to begin operations in October 2011 and Selaparang have been closed.
Lembar Harbour seaport in the southwest has shipping facilities, a ferry for road vehicles, and passenger services. Labuhan Lombok ferry port on the east coast provides a ferry for road vehicles and passenger services to Poto Tano on Sumbawa.
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