KOTA TUA JAKARTA ( JAKARTA OLD TOWN)
Jakarta Old Town, also known as Old Batavia (Oud Batavia), is a small area in Jakarta, Indonesia. This particular region has an area of 1.3 square kilometers across the North Jakarta and West Jakarta (Pinangsia, Taman Sari and Roa Malaka).
Dubbed the "Jewel of Asia" and "Queen of the East" in the 16th century by European voyagers, Jakarta has long considered as a center of trade for the continent of Asia because of its strategic location and abundant resources.
In 1526, Fatahillah, sent by the Sultanate of Demak, attacked the port of Sunda Kelapa in Pajajaran Hindu kingdom, later named White Rose. The city is only 15 hectares and has a traditional Javanese port city governance. In 1619, the VOC destroyed the White Rose under the command of Jan Pieterszoon Coen. One year later, the VOC built a new town named Batavieren Batavia, the Dutch ancestor. The city was centered around the east bank of the River Ciliwung, the current field of Fatahillah.
Batavia resident called "Batavianen", later known as the tribe "Betawi", composed of ethnic creole which is a descendant of the various ethnic groups that inhabit Batavia.
In 1635, the city expanded to the west bank of the River Ciliwung, in the ruins of the former White Rose. The city was designed by Dutch European style complete with a castle (Kasteel Batavia), city walls, and canals. The city is arranged in blocks that separated by a channel . Batavia city has completed built in 1650. Batavia became the headquarters of the VOC in the East Indies. Canals were filled because of the emergence of tropical epidemic in the walls of the city due to bad sanitation. This city started to expand to the south after the epidemic in 1835 and 1870 prompted many people out of the city narrow to the realm of Weltevreden (now the area around the Merdeka Square). Batavia became the administrative center of the Dutch East Indies. In 1942, during the Japanese occupation, Batavia was renamed Jakarta and still serves as the capital of Indonesia until now.
In 1972, the Governor of Jakarta, Ali Sadikin, issued a decree that officially made the Old City as a heritage site. Governor's decision was intended to protect the architectural history of the city - or at least the remaining buildings there. Although the governor decree has been isued, Old Town remains neglected. Many residents welcomed this decree, but it was not much to protect the legacy of Dutch colonial era.
Places that have been destroyed
In developing Jakarta, DKI Jakarta provincial government destroyed some buildings or places in the Old Jakarta area with specific reasons. Places are:
- Fortress Batavia
- Gate of Amsterdam (the location was in the cross of Clove Road, Cob Road and East Fisher Street. Crushed for access road widening.)
- Tram lane Batavia
Interesting and historic places
Jakarta Old Town is a vacation spot both for persons who lives inside of Jakarta and from outside one. There are lot of interesting places to visit in Jakarta, but if you want to know the history of origin Jakarta, having vacation to the Old City of Jakarta is a good choice. This old city area was built by Jan Pieterszoon Coen, governor general of a VOC in 1619, his government buildings are now used as the Museum, also include:
• Gedung Arsip Nasional (National Archives Building)
• Gedung Chandranaya (Chandranaya Building)
• Vihara Jin De Yuan (Vihara Dharma Bhakti)
• Petak Sembilan (Nine plots)
• Pecinan Glodok & Pinangsia
• Gereja Sion (Zion Church)
• Tugu Jam Kota Tua Jakarta (Tugu Jakarta Old Town Clock)
• Stasiun Jakarta Kota (Jakarta Kota Station)
• Museum Bank Mandiri
• Museum Bank Indonesia
• Standard-Chartered Bank
• Kota's Pub
• VG Pub Kota
• Toko Merah (Red Shop)
• Cafe Batavia
• Museum Sejarah Jakarta Or Museum Fatahillah (Former Batavia City Hall) Museum Seni Rupa dan Keramik (Former Court of Batavia)
• Lapangan Fatahillah (Field Fatahillah)
• Replika Sumur Batavia (Wells replica of Batavia)
• Museum Wayang
• Kali Besar (Grootegracht)
• Hotel Former
• Nieuws van de Dag
• Gedung Dasaad Musin (Dasaad Musin Building)
• Jembatan Tarik Kota Intan (Diamond City Bridge Pull)
• Galangan VOC (Shipyard Of VOC)
• Menara Syahbandar (Syahbandar Tower)
• Museum Bahari
• Pasar Ikan (Fish Market)
• Pelabuhan Sunda Kelapa (Sunda Kelapa Port)
• Masjid Luar Batang (Luar Batang Mosque)
The primary airport of Jakarta is Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, one of Indonesia's two major international air gateways. The other airport which serves the city is Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport.
National Archives Building
Jakarta Kota Station
Bank Mandiri Museum
Shipyard of VOC
Kota Intan Bridge